Waste management is a crucial issue that touches every individual in some way. It should always start from our homes, as a huge amount of waste is generated in our homes each day. Getting rid of waste and clutter can be quite stressful, especially if you don’t know where to place the unwanted stuff. Fortunately, there are many ways to manage home waste in an effective way.
Types of home waste
Home waste can be classified into organic and inorganic waste. Organic waste is the kitchen waste such as fruit and vegetable peels, leftover food, egg shells, garden and lawn clippings, etc. Nearly one-third of home waste is organic that can easily be made into valuable soil conditioner through the process of ‘Composting’.
On the other hand, inorganic waste is categorized into toxic waste and recyclable waste. Paints, chemicals, old medicines, fertilizers, spray cans, bulbs etc are considered as toxic waste, whereas, paper, plastics items, metals, and glass are considered recyclable waste.
Disposing inorganic waste needs to be recycled as much as possible as it does not decay. But, organic waste should be managed on a daily basis. Composting kitchen waste is one of the best ways to get rid of organic waste.
How should I make compost using kitchen waste?
Composting kitchen waste is the process of recycling it into rich soil. Composting is done by billions of bacteria and fungi that turn kitchen waste into compost. By composting kitchen waste, we can reduce the amount of garbage that is sent to the landfills. It prevents soil and air pollution, making the city a better place to live. Here is how to make compost at home using kitchen waste.
Step 1 – Segregate kitchen waste
Proper segregation of kitchen waste is the most crucial step in composting. Remember that not all kitchen waste is created equal. Food items such as vegetable and fruit peels, old bread, cookie, pizzas, crackers, grains, tea bags, coffee grounds, old spices, expired food boxes from the pantry, egg shells, corn cobs etc can be composted.
Whereas, kitchen waste such as meat, bones, fish, cheese, butter, yogurt, sour cream, oils etc should not be composted as these items imbalance the nutrient-rich structure of other food. Moreover, they attract rodents, maggots, and insects.
Image Source: oregonmetro.gov
Step 2 – Collect dry organic waste
Organic dry waste such as dry leaves, straw, old newspaper or sawdust is used as a top layer on the wet waste. If not added, the compost will remain wet and break down slowly causing the stink.
Step 3 – Construct composting bin
You can construct composting bin using a plastic bucket, garden pot, normal dustbin or even clay pot. Drill 4-5 holes in the container at different levels to let in some air. Line the bottom layer with soil. You can even buy different sorts of compost bins available online.
Step 3 – Initiate the process of composting
Add wet waste and dry waste at alternate levels to maintain a balance. For instance, if you add one cup of vegetable peel you should add one cup of dry leaves or newspaper chunks too. Make sure to add semi-composted soil to the bin once in a week. If the compost turns too dry, sprinkle some water. Similarly, if the compost smells, increase the dry waste or make extra holes. Keep the bin covered to retain the moisture and heat. The compost gets ready within a period of 30-40 days. You can use it in potted plants or garden areas.
The otherwise discarded wet waste becomes black gold for the plants that nourish the plants and soil. Practicing residential waste management could reduce the amount of garbage in landfills by thousands of tons per year. Explain the process of waste management to your family and neighbors to help make it easier.
What are your thoughts on waste management at home? Leave your comments below!